What is diabetes?
Diabetes occurs when the body cannot take sugar (glucose) into the cells for energy. This causes extra sugar to accumulate in the bloodstream.
Single diabetes now under control can be serious, causing damage to various organs and bodies - including the heart, kidneys, eyes, and nerves.
Various types of diabetes
The types of diabetes are:
• Type 1 diabetes: This type is an autoimmune disease, which means the body attacks itself. In this case, the cells that make insulin in the pancreas are damaged. Up to 10% of people with diabetes type 1. It is usually given to adults in children and young people (but it can develop at any age). It used to be better known as "juvenile" diabetes. People with type 1 diabetes must take insulin every day. This is why it is also called insulin-dependent diabetes.
• Type 2 diabetes: With this type, the body now makes enough insulin or the cells of the body now respond normally to insulin. This is type of diabetes signs are generally pale. Up to 95% of people with diabetes have type 2. It usually occurs in middle-aged and elderly people. Other common names for Type 2 include adult-onset diabetes and insulin-resistant diabetes. Your parents or grandparents may call you "sugar daddy".
• Prediabetes: This type is the stage before Type 2 diabetes. Your blood glucose levels are higher than normal but now high enough to officially be diagnosed as Type 2 diabetes.
• Gestational diabetes: This type develops in some women during pregnancy. Gestational diabetes usually disappears after pregnancy. However, if you have gestational diabetes, you have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.
You can manage your diabetes and live a long, healthy life by taking care of yourself every day.
Diabetes can affect almost every part of the body. Therefore, you need to regulate the level of blood glucose, also called blood sugar. Managing blood glucose, as well as blood pressure and cholesterol, can help prevent health problems that can occur when you have diabetes.
How to manage diabetes?
With the help of your health care team, you can create a diabetes self-care plan to manage your diabetes. Your self-care plan may include these steps:
Dear diabetes to manage
• Diabetes Management ABC.
• Follow a diabetes meal plan.
• Make physical activity part of your routine.
• take your medicine.
• Check blood glucose levels.
• Work with the health care team.
• Overcome diabetes in a healthy way.
Manage your diabetes ABCs
Knowing the ABCs of diabetes will help you manage your blood glucose, blood pressure, and cholesterol. Quitting smoking if you smoke will also help you manage your diabetes. Working on your ABC targets can help reduce heart attack, stroke, or other diabetes problems.
One for the A1C test
The A1C test shows your average blood glucose level over the past 3 months. The goal A1C for most people with diabetes is less than 7 percent. Ask your health care team what your goals are.
B is for blood pressure
The target blood pressure for most people with diabetes is below 140/90 mm Hg.
C is for Cholesterol
You have two types of cholesterol in your blood: LDL and HDL. LDL cholesterol or "wings" can build up and clog blood vessels. Too much bad cholesterol can attack the heart or stroke. HDL or "good" cholesterol increases "bad" cholesterol from blood vessels.
S for Stop smoking
Now smoking is very important for people with diabetes because smoking and diabetes narrow the blood vessels. The narrowing of blood vessels makes the heart work harder. Electronic cigarettes are also now said to be a safe choice.
If You Quit Smoking
• will reduce the risk of heart attack, stroke, nerve disease, kidney disease, diabetic eye disease, and amputation
• cholesterol levels and blood pressure may increase
• blood circulation will increase
• you can have an easier time being physically active
Keeping your A1C, blood pressure, and cholesterol close and quitting smoking can reduce the long-term harmful effects of diabetes. These health problems include heart disease, stroke, including kidney disease, nerve damage, and eye disease.
How is diabetes treatment darling?
Treatment for diabetes depends on the type of diabetes you have, controlling your blood glucose levels and other health conditions.
• Type 1 diabetes: If you have this type, you need to take insulin every day. Your pancreas is now making insulin again.
• Type 2 diabetes: If you have this type, you can include drugs (for diabetes and for the treatment of conditions called diabetes risk factors), insulin and lifestyle changes such as losing weight, changing the choice making healthy food choices and being more physically active.
• Prediabetes: If you have prediabetes, the goal is to prevent you from developing diabetes. Treatment focuses on treatable risk factors, such as losing weight by eating a healthy diet (like the Mediterranean diet) and exercising (at least five days a week for 30 minutes). Many of the strategies used to prevent diabetes are the same as those recommended for treating diabetes (see the prevention section of this article).
• Gestational diabetes: If you have this type and your glucose levels are not too high, your initial treatment may be changing your diet and exercising regularly. If your goals are still not met or your glucose levels are too high, your healthcare team may start you on medication or insulin.
Oral medications and insulin can be used in one of the following ways to treat diabetes:
• Stimulates the pancreas to make and release more insulin.
• Accelerates the release of glucose from the liver (extra glucose is stored in the liver).
• Blocks the breakdown of carbohydrates in the stomach or intestines so that tissues are more sensitive to (react better to) insulin.
• Helps rid the body of glucose through increased urination.